9.1 The immortality of the soul

Man is both a physical and a spiritual being. Holy Scripture understands the human being as an entity comprised of spirit, soul, and body (see 3.3.4). The material being of a person, that is the body, is transitory. It is taken from the earth and will return to the earth (Genesis 3: 19). Soul and spirit, by contrast, exist eternally (Matthew 25: 46). Thus we are justified in speaking of the immortality of the soul or of "life after death".


The immortality of the soul should not be equated with the biblical term "eternal life", which actually refers to eternal fellowship with God.