12.1.8 Forgiveness of sins in the divine service

The fact that forgiveness of sins is possible is solely thanks to the grace of God. His love for sinful mankind is demonstrated in the incarnation of God in Jesus Christ and in His death on the cross. This perfect, eternally valid sacrifice is the foundation for the forgiveness of sins.


The forgiveness of sins (absolution) is not a sacrament but rather the prerequisite for receiving the sacraments worthily. It is pronounced following the Lord's Prayer, which is prayed collectively by the congregation, with the words:


"In the commission of my sender, the Apostle, I proclaim unto you the glad tidings: in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God, your sins are forgiven. The peace of the Risen One abide with you. Amen."


The congregation confirms its believing acceptance of this forgiveness by saying "Amen".