Proclamation and authority

Forgiveness of sins must be proclaimed. Jesus pronounced forgiveness of sins upon individuals (Luke 7: 48 et al).


Forgiveness of sins occurs through the absolution, which is proclaimed in the name of Jesus Christ by authorised ministers. It is generally proclaimed in the divine service to the entire congregation. However, it only has its effect on those who grasp it in faith and fulfil the corresponding prerequisites.


The authority to proclaim the forgiveness of sins in the name of Jesus is contained in the ministry of reconciliation, namely the Apostle ministry (John 20: 23). The priestly ministries proclaim the absolution by the commission of the Apostle and in the name of Jesus. This has the same effect as if the Apostle had done it in person.